Karachi Pakistan, The capital and capital of Sindh province, in southern Pakistan. It is the largest city and the main port of the country and is a major center of trade and industry. Karachi is located on the shores of the Arabian Sea immediately northwest of the Indus River delta.
The city was variously called Caranjee, Crochey, Krotchey, Currachee, and Kurrachee, which are believed to be of the same genus. In the 18th century, it became known as Kalachi-jo-Goth, meaning “village of Kalachi” (Kalachi which is the name of the former head of the settlement).
The impetus for the development of Karachi originally came from its role as a port serving the Indus River valley and the Punjab region in British India. The development of air travel later enhanced Karachi’s importance. It is also a port operating in the closed country of Afghanistan. City area, 228 square kilometers (591 km²); Greater Karachi, 560 square kilometers (1,450 square kilometers). Pop. (2017) city, 14,916,456; (2018 est.) Urban agglom., 15,400,000.
A low coastline runs along the shoreline. Not far from the coast, the ground rises slightly north and east to form a vast plain, from 5 to 120 feet (1.5 to 37 m) above sea level, where the town of Karachi is located. The Malīr River, a tributary of the season, flows through the eastern part of the city, and the Layāri River, also in the season, crisscrosses the northernmost populous part. Some isolated hills and ridges occur north and east; Mango Pīr, the highest point, is 585 meters high.
The 560 square miles that formed the Federal Capital Area of Pakistan in 1948 were considered, for all practical purposes, to build the site of the city of Karachi. About half the area lies in the city and its suburbs, and the 332-square-mile [332 sq km] area is covered with arable land and desert.
Karachi Pakistan has a beautiful climate for most of the year. May and June are the hottest months, with temperatures reaching 93 ° F (34 ° C). Stormy weather spells usually occur in May and October, when temperatures reach 105 ° F (41 ° C). The coolest months are January and February when the minimum temperature is 56 ° F (13 ° C). Hot northern air blows periodically during these months, when temperatures may drop to 40 ° F (4 ° C). The average humidity varies from 58 percent in October, the dryest month, to 82 percent in August, the wettest month. Rainfall averages 8 inches (203 mm); Most of the rain falls during a total of 9 or 10 days in the months of June, July, and August.