Gurdwara Baba Bhumman Shah: The Glorious History of Sikhism in Punjab.
Gurdwara Baba Bhumman Shah is situated about 18 km from Dipalpur, 39 km from Okara, and about 8 km from Haveli Lakha.
“Sadasi” is a sect of Sikhism. This sect worships the Sikh Gurus as well as the five Hindu deities Shiva, Vishnu, Ganesha, Durga, and Surya. But the Sikhs do not consider them part of the Sikh religion.
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At the beginning of the 20th century, the Sikh Gurus expelled the Adasi Mahantas from their Gurdwaras.
History of Gurdwara Baba Bhumman Shah:
The Sikh Gurdwara Reforms Act of 1925 excluded Adasi, Nanak Panthi, and Santani Sikhs from the definition of “Sikh Khalsa” as Qadianis are non-Muslims in our constitution.
After this time they became closer to Hinduism rather than Sikhism.
“Adaasi” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Adas” which means “separate” meaning to be isolated and separated from the world.
“Babasri Chand”, the son of the founder of Sikhism, “Babaguru Nanak“, took the path of monasticism and detachment from the world, and this was the beginning of the Sikhism “Adasi” sect.
The Adasi sect began to influence Sikhism and by the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, this sect had a large number of Sikhs as its followers.
But then he was excommunicated from Sikhism in the early twentieth century for violating the fundamental beliefs of Sikhism.
After Baba Srichand, the founder of the Sadasi sect, the most famous was Mahant “Baba Bhaman Shah (Bhumia)” who was born in Bahlulpur at the beginning of the 18th century.
He studied Sikhism, Hinduism, and Islamic beliefs as a child and moved to Depalpur after boyhood.
During this time, Bhumia decided to become a monk and in this regard entered the service of Adasi Mahant Baba Pritam Das in Pakpattan.
After staying for some time, he became known as Baba Bhumman Shah.
During this time, he stayed at Hazrat Baba Farid, Golden Temple, and other Sikh holy places, and after that, he settled in a village called “Qutab Kot” in the suburbs of Depalpur, which was later named after him “Dera Bhuman Shah” which became famous.
Gurdwara Baba Bhumman Shah:
You have come to know how Qutb Kot got the name Bhuman Shah, but what is the story behind it, now let’s move on to it.
A common story is that the zamindar of Qutbkot “Chaudhri Lakha Wattoo” was arrested and imprisoned in Lahore on the orders of the Governor of Punjab.
Lakha Wattoo’s mother “Bibi Bakhtawar” was a devotee of Baba Bhuman Shah, she requested Baba to release her son and after 2 days Lakha Wattoo was released.
After the release of Lakha Wattoo, other Watto families also became believers of Baba Bhuman Shah and after that, the name of Qutb Kot also became Bhumman Shah and 5500 hundred acres of land of Qutb Kot was also dedicated to the monastery.
Thus Baba Bhuman Shah made this village his permanent camp for his religious teachings.
Among the devotees of Baba Bhumanshah, there are Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims, and followers of all religions.
In Gurdwara Baba Bhumman Shah, there was a wide arrangement of free langar every day and this process continued till the partition of India.
An area of 18,000 acres was dedicated to this monastery, which was the second largest estate in terms of area after Guru Nanak Darbar. 18700 acres of the agricultural area is dedicated to Guru Nanak Darbar.
Fort Baba Bhumman Shah Qila:
It is also called Fort Baba Bhumman Shah Qila.
Baba Bhuman Shah died in 1762 at the age of fifty years and after that, the charge of this Dera was taken over by “Mahant Nirmal Chand”.
After the partition of India, Mukh Sevadar of Dera Baba Bhumman Shah “Mahant Gardhari Das” transferred this Dera to “Sangur Sadan” District Sirsa Haryana India.
There they were allotted only 1600 acres of land. The refugees took up residence in the vast Havelis, inns, Langarkhanas, and other residential buildings of Dera Bhuman Shah.
Whenever a follower of the Adasi sect comes to Pakistan, he must visit this Dera.
It needs to be maintained properly so that this historical place can be preserved.